changingminds.org

How we change what others think, feel, believe and do

 

Disciplines

 

Techniques

 

Principles

 

Explanations

 

Theories

 

 

Home

 

Blog!

 

Quotes

 

Guest articles

 

Analysis

 

Books

 

Help us

 

Links

 

 

Please help
and share:

 

A Good Excuse

 

Techniques > Conversation techniques > Excuses > A Good Excuse

External | Uncontrollable | Unintentional | See also

 

What makes a good excuse? Here are three factors identified by Werner et al. (1985) which are found in many excuses.

External

A good excuse is external, coming from outside of the person. External factors include the weather, things falling over, and so on. Inanimate things like this are excellent as they have no intent and so no blame can occur.

My car broke down.

The wind caught it.

Other people are also external, although blaming others can cause a problem when they can deny being to blame. Even if they are not there, the person receiving the excuse may even decide to go and ask the people being blamed.

Richard did it.

Internal reasons include personal decisions, beliefs, attitudes and so on. If a person is found to have internal reason for doing something that is disapproved of, then they may be considered bad and may be faced with the anger of others. This is why people first try to convince others 'It wasn't me'.

Uncontrollable

Another factor that makes for a good excuse is that you had no control over whatever happened. Maybe you were too far away, were too weak, had no authority, etc. The bottom line is that you could not do anything about it, so it can hardly be called your fault.

I couldn't stop her.

I was unwell.

If you were in control, even if you were not the perpetrator, you could be accused of not intervening, being an accessory or otherwise being almost as bad as having done it yourself.

Unintentional

Intent is the worst part of any wrong act. It makes the perpetrator malicious. It makes them bad. The final part of the excuse equation is hence that even if you did do something, it was accidental and you still had the best of intentions.

I forgot.

I slipped.

See also

Justification and Excuse, Meaning, Attribution Theory

 

Werner, B., Folkes, V.S., Amirkhan, J. and Verette, J.A. (1987). An Attributional Analysis of Excuse Giving: Studies of a Naive Theory of Emotion, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 2, 316-324

More Kindle books:

And the big
paperback book


Add/share/save:


 

 


Save the rain


 

 


SalesProCentral

 

Contact Caveat About Students Webmasters Awards Guestbook Feedback Sitemap Changes

 

 

Quick links

Disciplines

* Argument

Brand management

* Change Management

Coaching
+
Communication

Counseling

Game Design

+ Human Resources

+ Job-finding

* Leadership

Marketing

Politics

+ Propaganda

+ Rhetoric

* Negotiation

* Psychoanalysis

* Sales

Sociology

+ Storytelling

+ Teaching

Warfare

Workplace design

 

Techniques

+ Assertiveness

* Body language

* Change techniques

* Closing techniques

+ Conversation

Confidence tricks

* Conversion

* Creative techniques

* General techniques

+ Happiness

+ Hypnotism

+ Interrogation

* Language

+ Listening

* Negotiation tactics

* Objection handling

+ Propaganda

* Problem-solving

* Public speaking

+ Questioning

Using repetition

* Resisting persuasion

+ Self-development

Sequential requests

Stress Management

* Tipping

Using humor

* Willpower

Principles

+ Principles

Explanations

* Behaviors

+ Beliefs

Brain stuff

Conditioning

+ Coping Mechanisms

+ Critical Theory

+ Culture

Decisions

* Emotions

Evolution

Gender

+ Games

Groups

+ Identity

+ Learning

Meaning

Memory

Motivation

+ Models

* Needs

+ Personality

+ Power

* Preferences

+ Research

Relationships

+ SIFT Model

+ Social Research

Stress

+ Trust

+ Values

Theories

* Alphabetic list

* Theory types

 


  Changing Minds 2002-2013

  Massive Content -- Maximum Speed

TOP