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Research frameworks

 

Explanations > Social Research > Design > Research frameworks

The Covering Law Method | The Hypothetico-Deductive Model | Research process | See also

 

Here are several frameworks described for the execution of research studies.

The Covering Law Model

Defined by Richard Lipsey, the stages are:

  • Definitions and hypotheses about behavior (assumptions).
  • Logical deduction that leads to predictions/implications.
  • Empirical observation
  • Conclusions: that the theory is consistent or inconsistent with results
  • Discarding or amendment of theory (and repetition of experiment)

The Hypothetico-Deductive Model

Defined by Karl Popper, it is notable for seeking testable (and falsifiable) hypotheses and experiments:

 

1. Consider phenomena

2. Observation and Generation of Ideas

3. Development of Testable Hypothesis

4. Systematic Observation

5. Data Analysis

6. Testing of Hypothesis

7a. Hypothesis Falsified (Refuted)

8a. Reject and / or Revise Hypothesis (return to step 3)

7b. Hypothesis is confirmed

8b. Theory (Consists of confirmed hypotheses)

9. Prediction
 

Research process

In a more modern interpretation, Buchanan (1980) describes the research process stages as:

1. Decide topic

2. Define objectives

3. Choose methodology

4. Obtain information sources

5. Collect data

6. Analyze data

7. Develop conclusions

8. Develop recommendations

9. Notify organization or source of information with findings

See also

A general research framework, The 4D Change Project Framework, Rationalism, Positivism

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