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Bogardus Social Distance Scale

 

Explanations > Social ResearchMeasurement > Bogardus Social Distance Scale

Description | Example | Discussion | See also

 

Description

The Bogardus Social Distance scale measures attitudes about how close or distant people feel towards other people.

Example

 

Place a check-mark against all statements with which you agree  
It is ok for people to immigrate to this country [  ]
It is ok for people to immigrate to this county [  ]
It is ok for people to immigrate to this town [  ]
It is ok for people to immigrate and live in this street [  ]
It is ok for people to immigrate and live next door [  ]

 

Discussion

This measure is a variant of the Guttman scale. 'Closeness' is a physical distance metaphor that is applied here to emotionality and social connection. Sometimes, as in the example, they can be connected.

Social distance is of particular concern in situations of racial integration and other aspects of equality. It is also applicable in such as team formation in the workplace.

Some people easily accept others, perhaps basing this on a fundamental belief that everyone is equal and should be trusted until proven untrustworthy. Others are highly suspicious of people who are 'not like us' or 'not like me' and prefer to keep them at arm's length (or much further away).

See also

Guttman scale, Proxemic communication

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