changingminds.org

How we change what others think, feel, believe and do

 

Disciplines

 

Techniques

 

Principles

 

Explanations

 

Theories

 

 

Home

 

Blog!

 

Quotes

 

Guest articles

 

Analysis

 

Books

 

Help us

 

Links

 

 

Please help
and share:

 

Proxy Pre-test design

 

Explanations > Social Research > Design > Proxy Pre-test design

Description | Example | Discussion | See also

 

Description

In this design, the 'pre-test' is not actually done, but some form of proxy is or alternative method is used to represent the first test.

In the Recollection Proxy Pretest design, the subject is asked to recall or imagine the previous value of the variable being assessed, such as how they felt about an issue beforehand.

In the Archived Proxy Pretest design, existing records are examined, such as previous ability test results or qualifications.

In design notation, this might be written as (with the proxy pre-test parenthesized):

 

R (O) X O
R (O)   O

 

Example

An experiment in new teaching methods uses existing SAT scores as a pre-test evaluation. 

A new motivation system is brought into use in a company. The standard employee satisfaction survey is used as both a pre- and post-test.

Discussion

The Proxy Pre-test can be very useful when it would be difficult or impossible to do a pre-test. It can also save time and money -- things which researchers often have in short supply.

The Recollection Proxy Pretest is very common, but can suffer from the effects of bias, and a whole range of memory effects.

Where standard tests or measures already exist, such as in schools, then the Archived Proxy is very useful as the standard tests may provide a reliable and valid method of measurement. 

See also

 

More Kindle books:

And the big
paperback book


Add/share/save:


 

 


Save the rain


 

 


SalesProCentral

 

Contact Caveat About Students Webmasters Awards Guestbook Feedback Sitemap Changes

 

 

Quick links

Disciplines

* Argument

Brand management

* Change Management

Coaching
+
Communication

Counseling

Game Design

+ Human Resources

+ Job-finding

* Leadership

Marketing

Politics

+ Propaganda

+ Rhetoric

* Negotiation

* Psychoanalysis

* Sales

Sociology

+ Storytelling

+ Teaching

Warfare

Workplace design

 

Techniques

+ Assertiveness

* Body language

* Change techniques

* Closing techniques

+ Conversation

Confidence tricks

* Conversion

* Creative techniques

* General techniques

+ Happiness

+ Hypnotism

+ Interrogation

* Language

+ Listening

* Negotiation tactics

* Objection handling

+ Propaganda

* Problem-solving

* Public speaking

+ Questioning

Using repetition

* Resisting persuasion

+ Self-development

Sequential requests

Stress Management

* Tipping

Using humor

* Willpower

Principles

+ Principles

Explanations

* Behaviors

+ Beliefs

Brain stuff

Conditioning

+ Coping Mechanisms

+ Critical Theory

+ Culture

Decisions

* Emotions

Evolution

Gender

+ Games

Groups

+ Identity

+ Learning

Meaning

Memory

Motivation

+ Models

* Needs

+ Personality

+ Power

* Preferences

+ Research

Relationships

+ SIFT Model

+ Social Research

Stress

+ Trust

+ Values

Theories

* Alphabetic list

* Theory types

 


  Changing Minds 2002-2013

  Massive Content -- Maximum Speed

TOP