How we change what others think, feel, believe and do
Antiphrasis is the use of words in a sense opposite to its real meaning.
Oh, I am so beautiful! My long nose and pimple so attractive!
I am but a child of sixty years.
That is the worst performance I have seen. Oh, look at your face! -- actually I loved it.
When something does not make sense, it surprises people, making them stop and think about what is really meant. A reversal is a very simple puzzle to solve, so people will generally get the meaning quite quickly.
Irony uses incongruity to create wry humor. The reversal in antiphrasis is hence a very easy way of creating ironic statements.
Antiphrasis can also be used for sarcasm, reversing something to show that you know well what is intended.
Antiphrasis comes from the Greek 'anti', meaning 'opposite', and 'phrasis', meaning 'diction'; also 'antiphrazein,' meaning 'to express by antithesis or negation.'
Classification: Reversal, Meaning