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Wishful Thinking

 

Disciplines Argument > Fallacies > Wishful Thinking

Description | Discussion | Example | See also

 

Description

1. I want something to be true and factual.

2. Therefore it is true and factual.

To think wishfully, just act as if what you want is true and either has happened or is about to happen.

Example

The book I have written is loved by everyone who reads it.

I need a break!

Discussion

Despite the obvious falsehood of this fallacy, it is surprising how often it appears. It is often also surprising how often people do not realize that they are doing it, as subconscious desires appear through assumptions of truth.

People who use wishful thinking often supplement it with emotional states such as aggression or pleading, seeking either to batter others into accepting their assertion or otherwise adopt a child position.

Wishing can actually lead to something becoming true, where the person acts to reduce the dissonance of conflicting reality and wishes.

When faced with the truth, they are very likely to use denial or use some other form of defense.

Classification

Assumptive, Falsehood

Also known as

Appeal to Consequences of a Belief, Appeal to Belief

See also

Cognitive Dissonance, Defense Mechanisms

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