changingminds.org

How we change what others think, feel, believe and do

| Menu | Quick | Books | Share | Search | Settings |

Division

 

Disciplines Argument > Fallacies > Division

Description | Discussion | Example | See also

 

Description

X has characteristic Y. P is a part of X, so also has characteristic Y.

The general assumption is that the parts of a system all have characteristics of the whole system.

Example

Welsh people speak Welsh. You are Welsh -- so you can speak Welsh.

Cars go fast. A seat is a part of a car. So seats go fast.

Tomatoes are red. So the pips inside are also red.

You are work in Hewlett Packard, which makes computers. So you can make computers.

Discussion

There are two ways for this to fail: First, the assumed characteristic of the group may not be true for all members and, secondly, the characteristic that is true of the whole is not applicable to the individual parts. This latter case happens when the individual parts create a whole, where the whole is more than the sum of the parts.

This fallacy fails when the unspoken assumption about the characteristics of the group are not true for all members of the  group. This is typically true of groups of people, where the attribution of generalized characteristics form a stereotype, which is then applied to individual members.

Going from the general to the specific is deductive reasoning. Division seeks to use this rational process, but does it in an inadequate and invalid way.

Division is one of Aristotle's 13 fallacies.

Classification

Analogy, Assumptive, Ambiguity, Linguistic

Also known as

Faulty Deduction

See also

Composition, Deductive reasoning

Site Menu

| Home | Top | Quick Links | Settings |

| Disciplines | Techniques | Principles | Explanations | Theories |

| Blog! | Quotes | Guest articles | Analysis | Books | Links | Help |

| Contact | Caveat | About | Students | Webmasters | Awards | Guestbook | Feedback | Sitemap | Changes |

| Settings: | Computer layout | Mobile layout | Small font | Medium font | Large font |

 

You can buy books here

More Kindle books:

And the big
paperback book


Look inside

 

Please help and share:

 

Quick links

Disciplines

* Argument
Brand management
* Change Management
Coaching
+ Communication
Counseling
+ Game Design
+ Human Resources
+ Job-finding
* Leadership
+ Marketing
Politics
+ Propaganda
+ Rhetoric
* Negotiation
* Psychoanalysis
* Sales
Sociology
+ Storytelling
+ Teaching
* Warfare
Workplace design

Techniques

+ Assertiveness
* Body language
* Change techniques
* Closing techniques
+ Conversation
Confidence tricks
* Conversion
* Creative techniques
* General techniques
+ Happiness
+ Hypnotism
+ Interrogation
* Language
+ Listening
* Negotiation tactics
* Objection handling
+ Propaganda
* Problem-solving
* Public speaking
+ Questioning
+ Using repetition
* Resisting persuasion
+ Self-development
+ Sequential requests
Stress Management
* Tipping
Using humor
* Willpower

Principles

+ Principles

Explanations

* Behaviors
+ Beliefs
* Brain stuff
Conditioning
+ Coping Mechanisms
+ Critical Theory
+ Culture
+ Decisions
* Emotions
+ Evolution
Gender
+ Games
Groups
+ Identity
+ Learning
+ Meaning
Memory
+ Motivation
+ Models
* Needs
+ Personality
+ Power
* Preferences
+ Research
+ Relationships
+ SIFT Model
+ Social Research
Stress
+ Trust
+ Values

Theories

* Alphabetic list
* Theory types

And

- About
- Guest Articles
- Blog!
- Books
- Changes
- Contact
- Guestbook
- Links
- Quotes
- Students
- Webmasters

 

| Home | Top | Menu | Quick Links |

Changing Minds 2002-2014
Massive Content -- Maximum Speed